Physical Therapy & Walking Aids

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Physical therapists, who are experts in restoring and improving motion,
recommend that elderly adults who use canes and walkers as walking aids be
properly assessed and fitted by a physical therapist to avoid fall-related injuries.

With emergency rooms experiencing 47, 000 fall-related visits annually from
senior citizens due to improper use and fit of walking aids*, assessment by a
physical therapist can help reduce the number of these dangerous incidents by
ensuring appropriateness and proper fit of the walking device.

General Tips for Using Walkers and Canes:

  • The walker or cane should be about the height of your wrists when your arms are at your sides.
  • When using a walker, your arms should be slightly bent when holding on, but you shouldn’t have to bend forward at the waist to reach it.
  • Periodically check the rubber tips at the bottom of the cane or walker. Be sure to replace them if they are uneven or worn through.

Physical therapists also advise against borrowing walking aids from friends and
family. This often leads to improper fit and misuse, and can result in further
injury. Your physical therapist can also evaluate your walking aid and determine
if it is in proper working condition.
*Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (June 2009)


All contents © 2011, 2009 American Physical Therapy Association.
All rights reserved.

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